The Petrozavodsk Phenomenon

On September 20, 1977, between midnight and the early hours of the morning, people noticed an unusual light phenomenon in the sky, over a vast area in Eastern Europe, from Copenhagen and Helsinki in the west to Vladivostok in the east. According to various eyewitness reports, an unknown luminous object suddenly appeared in the dark sky, sending pulsed shafts of light to Earth. It then slowly and quietly moved towards the city of Petrozavodsk and spread as a giant "jellyfish". It remained suspended there, like rain, raining the city with a multitude of very thin beams. After some time, the beams of light disappeared, and the "jellyfish" turned into a bright semicircle and resumed its movement in the direction of Lake Onega, where it slowly spread. The entire incident lasted 10 to 12 minutes.

A Falcon 9 rocket sighting from California on 22 December 2017. On 20 September 1977, residents of Petrozavodsk saw something similar. Photo: Kevin Gill / Wikimedia Commons

The next day the incident was widely reported in newspapers. In Helsinki, several eyewitnesses allegedly saw a "flashing ball", and in Turku, two people saw a "spinning object similar to a lifebuoy". In Denmark, pilots flying over Copenhagen also noticed a glowing object.

Shiny amorphous objects were reported from various places in the Northwest Soviet Union. Eyewitnesses include a wide cross-section of people such as paramedics, seamen, military and local airport workers, and even amateur astronomers. Director of Petrozavodsk Hydrometeorological Observatory, u. Gromov told a local news agency that none of its variants had ever been seen before by meteorological service staff in Karelia.

The appalling notion was actually the launch of a Soviet spy satellite called Kosmos-955, launched from the Plasetsk Kosmodrome, located about 350 km east of Petrozavodsk. The identification of "jellyfish UFOs" with booster contraceptives of the Cosmos-955 by the Western press took only a few hours, but reports were suppressed in the Soviet, where the ghostly spectacle provoked many UFO rumors.

 Over time, eyewitness witnesses became rich and the stories became progressively more bizarre. One newspaper reported that UFOs were "as big as a football field" and UFO rays drilled holes through the sidewalks and windows of homes. A doctor reported that his ambulance spiraled out of control when UFOs appeared. Others accused the US of a nuclear attack.

A pair of rare photographs of the Petrozavodsk incident.

For the Soviet government, the matter had become an intense embarrassment. He prepared a series of scientists to assure the public that all is well. At first, he explained that it was a rocket stage that was burning. "Visibility depends on Sputnik's materials," said Vladimir Kratt, director of the Pulkovo Observatory. "Sputnik can sometimes explode on the reentry and the products of the explosion remain in the air for a long time."

When it became clear that it was not convincing anyone, a new explanation was cranked up. M. Dmitriyev, Doctor of Chemical Sciences, offered: "This phenomenon was due to the formation of a so-called chemiluminescence zone in the atmosphere zone." He then explained what chemistry is and how nitrous oxide pollution from factories increased it. In 1979, the Soviet press issued another explanation for the phenomenon of geomagnetism such as "physical changes in the upper atmosphere".

Even today, the "Petrozavodsk incident" is very hotly debated among Russian UFO enthusiasts

Space jellyfish

Similar to the Petrozavodsk incident, it has been observed many times during rocket launches, especially in the early morning or early morning when the sun is below the horizon, but sunlight can still reach high altitudes and given by rocket boosters The plume can reflect gases. This lustrous appearance often looks like a jellyfish. Here are a few examples:

Falcon 9 launched on 22 December 2017. The contrail was viewed from Long Beach, California, more than 100 miles southeast of its launch site.

Falcon 9 launched from Florida on 29 June 2018. Photo.

During an unsuccessful test firing of a Russian Bulova missile, an unusual spiral was observed in Norway in 2009.

Launch of Argentine satellite SAOCOM from Vandenberg United States Air Force Base on 7 October 2018. Photo

An obscure mass seen during the Falcon 9 launch on October 7, 2018 from Pico Rivera, CA. Photo:

Falcon 9 launches from Vandenburg, California on 7 October 2018. Photo:

In this Falcon 9 launch, the first and second stages can be seen separating. Photo.

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