The spectacular World's Fair Exposition Universelle in rare pictures, 1899

The Eiffel Tower is seen from the Champ du Mars.

The 1889 World's Fair in Paris was symbolically significant, as the year 1889 marked the hundredth anniversary of the French Revolution, and the fair was announced as a celebration of the program. It attracted more than 23 million visitors. The most famous structure built for the exhibition, and still remaining, is the Eiffel Tower.

The 1889 Paris Exposure University covered a total area of ​​0.96 km2, including the Champ de Mars, Trocadero, Quai d'Orsay, a part of the Seine, and the Invalids esplanade. Transportation around the Exposition was partially provided by Dequille by a 3-kilometer (1.9 mi) 600-millimeter (2 ft 0 in) gauge railway. It was claimed that the Railways carried 6.342.446 visitors in only six months of operation.

This fair had two sites this time: on one side, Trocadéro and Champ-de-Mars, as in 1878, were holding fine arts and industrial exhibitions. On the other hand, to the east of the main site, the Esplanés des Invalides was a colonial exhibition as well as several state-sponsored pavilions.

For example, a sanitation "palace", a public welfare pavilion, as well as a building dedicated to social economy. Hence the state was much more visible than the previous fair. The Invallides site had a very successful panorama called "Le Panorama de Tout-Paris", representing the social life of the capital.

Around its perimeter, there were twenty-two separate gates for the exhibition. They were open from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm for major performances and palaces and from 11:00 pm to illuminated greens and restaurants. The main ceremony entrance was located in Les Invallides, with two long archways with colorful candelabras-like colored ornament.

Many buildings rotate on the Champa de Mars, starting at the Eiffel Tower. A contest for the tower was launched by the state in 1884, won by Gustav Eiffel in 1886 over more than a hundred other candidates. Nevertheless, the Tower was unanimously far from praised. It was harshly criticized: Parisian artists and writers protested against its construction in an official letter sent to the director of the fair, calling it "unnecessary and monstrous".

On the banks of the Seine River, at the foot of the tower, an exhibition on the history of human habitation was held in which the architect Charles Garnier (famous for Oprah Garnier commissioned by Napoleon III) participated extensively. The main hall of the fair was next to the Eiffel Tower at Champ-de-Mares.

Both Palais des Beaux-Arts and Palais des Arts Libéraux were designed by architect Joseph Bouward. They were standing right next to the Eiffel Tower. The two other main buildings were the Palais des Exposition divers (designed by Formig) and the largest building of them all, the Gallari des Machines (designed by Duttart).

The Palais des Arts libéraux includes medicine, geography, teaching and pedagogy, musical instruments and photography, among many other things. Several naturalist paintings were kept at the Palais des Beaux-Arts, but the impressions were largely ignored by the Organization Committee. Pre-Raphaelite painters such as Burne-Jones and Millis were also exhibited there. Behind these two buildings were the Pallas des Exposition divers, displaying furniture, casts of bronze, crystals, mosaics, clothing and jewelry.

The Palais des Machines was the last building on the Champ-de-Mares (it was encountered by the des Coal Military, which still stands today). The building was technically innovative: its size was very impressive, as much as it was possible that only a few roofs were built. This was made possible by new advances in structural engineering.

The Palais was made of steel and glass panels, and was about 375 feet long. One could have visited the industry exhibition on the ground floor, but one could also see it moving upwards looking at platforms that were moving back and forth from one end of the hall to the other. These platforms ("pawn rulers") helped build and destroy the structure of the building before and after the fair.

The Paris World Fair of 1889 was financially profitable for the state. Its scale was also much larger than in previous fairs: the surface covered in this event was much larger than in previous fairs and the number of exhibitors also increased significantly.

The number of visitors doubled compared to 1878, and the cost of 1889 was roughly the same as in 1878. The state made a profit of 8 000 000 francs, and acquired substantial real estate in the process: the Eiffel Tower and the Palong machines were both effectively the state, and the latter had to be reused for the 1900 World's Fair.

Countries officially participating in the exhibition include Andorra, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, United States, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Japan, Morocco, Mexico, Monaco Were included. British dominions of Nicaragua, Norway, Paraguay, Persia, Saint-Martin, El Salvador, Serbia, Siam, Republic of South Africa, Switzerland, and Uruguay, New Zealand and Tasmania also participated.

Because of the theme of the exhibition, almost all European countries officially boycotted boycotts with the monarchy, celebrating the overthrow of the French monarchy. The boycott nations were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Spain, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia and Sweden.

Nonetheless, many citizens and companies from these countries participated, and many countries funded their participation entirely by private sponsors.

Map of the 1889 World's Fair. The top image represents Champ-de-Mars, from Trocadéro Palace to Galerie des Machines (next to itairecole Mil Tyagi, which still exists today). The lower print represents the Esplanade des Invalides, about half a mile from the Champ-de-Mars. This second site of the World's Fair had an exhibition colony as well as an agricultural fair.

Gallery of Beaux-Arts.

Exterior of Egyptian Pavilion.

Mexican Pavilion.

There is an iron and steel work exhibition.

Tourists strolling among the exhibitions.

Paris Exposure, a ground-level view of the Eiffel Tower with Parisians in 1889.

La Galerie des Machines. 1899.

The Dome of Beaks-Arts.

Pavilion of Great Britain.

The Pavilion of Paraguay.

Visitors take a stroll in the North African exhibits.

Pavilion of French Pastelists.

The province of the Seine exhibition with the Eiffel Tower in the background.

Forging and hunting displays.

The central dome of the exhibition.

Horrorology exhibition entrance.

Grand Gallery of various industries.

Jewelry Exhibition.

Goldsmith's Pavilion.

An exhibition of marble sculptures by Jules Cantini.

The entrance to the furniture exhibition.

Brazilian Pavilion.

Ceramic exhibition entrance.

Grand Gallery of various industries.

Gate for exhibition of woolen garments.

Palace of India.

Austria-Hungary Exhibition.

The entrance to an exhibition hall.

The entrance to an exhibition of French pastelists.

Japanese Pavilion.

Interior of the pavilion.

Venezuela's Pavilion.

Grand Gallery of various industries.

Chilean Pavilion.

No comments:

Powered by Blogger.