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Galileo Galilei: Biography, Facts, & Things You Don't Know Yet


Like Madonna and Cher, Galileo was a revolutionary leader who was so revolutionary that we only know him by his first name. He made major contributions in the fields of astronomy and mathematics, but he remained a powerful enemy of the Catholic Church and even staked out to suggest that perhaps the mysteries of the universe were expanded by medievalism to avoid parochialism. Was known in the era.

Galileo's early years

Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, Italy in 1564, the oldest of Vincenzo Galilei's six children. Galileo turned out to be so bright and curious that he enrolled at the University of Pisa, when he was only 16, wanting to study medicine before discovering a new passion in mathematics. He was particularly interested in how mathematics explains the motion of objects, and within just two years, he published his first formula describing natural rules about the motion of the pendulum. Although he never finished his schooling, Galileo served as the head of mathematics departments at the universities of Pisa and Padua, where he conducted several experiments on the speed and acceleration of falling objects, including his famous top of Leaning Climbing was also included. The Tower of Pisa to prove that objects of different weight dropped from its height will reach the ground at the same time.

Galileo's "Canocochiali" Telescope in Museo Galileo, Florence.

Galileo's Telescope

Galileo did not invent the telescope, but he greatly improved its design. The first telescope, built in 1609, was more powerful than any earlier, and the following year, they discovered four celestial bodies, orbiting Jupiter that thought they were stars but were actually the four largest moons of the planet. He saw many more stars on the surface of the Earth's Moon than he had never seen before, publishing his findings in a book called The StarTree Messenger.

Galileo understood the importance of the rich patron, so he used the stars Messenger to suggest that the newly celebrated star group named Medician Stars kissed up to the powerful Medici family. As a result, the Cosimo Medici named Galileo the official philosopher and mathematician of the Medici family, and his association with them gave him a platform to advance his scientific theories.

Cristiano Banty's 1857 painting Galileo Facing the Roman Inquiry.

Roman interrogation

In Galileo's time, science had a deep connection with philosophy and religion. Aristotle's declaration as the center of the Earth's universe was accepted as fact. Religious communities particularly liked the idea because it testified that the Earth is a unique and special place created by God, but science was forcing people to question these traditional ideas. A controversial new idea was that the Sun was the center of the Milky Way, considered a blasphemy by the Catholic Church.

When Galileo published his book Dialogue Conceiving the Two Chief World Systems in 1632, he tried to present Helioscentric and Geocentric arguments equally, but considering other perspectives was not really the church bag, so Galileo Was called for Roman interrogation. He is accused of heretics, is threatened with death, and is given a chance to recall his beliefs to save himself from the stakes. After seeing what happened to the denying people, Galileo made the deal, publicly expressing his regret and asserting his helpless conclusions, stating that it was the result of faulty data and calculations.

The middle finger of Galileo's right hand.

Galileo's Afterlife and Beyond

Galileo was saved from a terrible death, but was forced to live the remainder of his days under house arrest. He died of natural causes on 8 January 1642 at the age of 77. He never married but had three children with Marina Gamba, and even though Galileo had fled the Catholic Church, both of his daughters joined a convent in Florence and became nuns. . His son, named after his grandfather, demonstrated the musical talent of the older man and became a lute player.

Galileo's writings were banned by the Catholic Church until 1744, but he was certainly on the right side of history. Poth XII and John Paul II, two 2-century popes, officially apologized for their treatment of the scientist's church, but they received more disgusting and unholy vengeance on March 12, 1737, almost 100 years after Galileo's death. Historian Anton Francesco Gorey removed the skeleton's middle finger from his corpse, now on display in the History of the Science Museum in Florence, pointing upwards in derision at the viewer looking up to heaven or torturing those who persecuted him. He defies the eternal. On your explanation. 

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