Breaking

Chang And Eng: The Conjoined Twins Who Profited As 'Freaks' And Owned Slaves

 

Conjoined twins are exceedingly rare, thought to occur when a fertilized egg splits, usually resulting in identical twins, but not completely separate, twins usually from the abdomen or, less commonly. Usually, attached to the scalp. You may have referred to these types of siblings by the term "Siamese twin," but there's actually a reason for this. Chang and Ing Bunker, born in Siam (now Thailand) in 1811, was the first well-documented case of conjoined twins.

Robert Hunter, Chang, and England

In 1824, Scottish businessman Robert Hunter was working his way through Siam when he caught the curious sight of Chang and England swimming together in the Menam River. When he realized that the 17-year-old boys were fused, attached to the four-inch band of cartilage in the sternum that ties their livers together, all Hunter could see was dollar signs. Human exhibitions, known as "freak shows", were an extremely lucrative business in the West, so the boys agreed to move to America with Hunter to serve as a human curiosity. Although his original settlement was only for five years, he never returned to his homeland.

This family portrait from the 1860s shows Chang and Ing Bunker with their wives and 18 of their 22 children. It also includes Grace Gates, one of 33 slaves on his plantation.This family portrait from the 1860s shows Chang and Ing Bunker with their wives and 18 of their 22 children. It also includes Grace Gates, one of 33 slaves on his plantation.

Success and love for Chang and England

For four years, Chang and England toured the United States and the British Isles, performing parlor tricks, playing chess, and performing acrobatic stunts in matching outfits. His work earned Hunter a lot of money, but not much for himself, so at age 21, fluent in English and tired of all his money going to Hunter, he ran away from his manager and fends for himself went into business. For the next decade, Chang and England toured the United States and Europe, earning enough money to eventually leave showbiz and settle in North Carolina, where they bought a plantation, grew their crops (and slave labor). ), and lived married sisters Sarah and Adelaide Yates in a joint marriage on April 1, 1834.

The idea of ​​the twin sisters marrying was decried as incest and "beneath the very Sodomites in sexuality", and angry locals ransacked the sisters' home the night before the wedding, but the couple were very happy together. were, producing a total of 21 children (10 by Chang and Adelaide and 11 by England and Sarah) during their marriage. They originally shared a house, but as the family grew, the bunker herd bought a second home and the brothers split their time equally between their wives' residences.Success and love for Chang and England
For four years, Chang and England toured the United States and the British Isles, performing parlor tricks, playing chess, and performing acrobatic stunts in matching outfits. His work earned Hunter a lot of money, but not much for himself, so at age 21, fluent in English and tired of all his money going to Hunter, he ran away from his manager and fends for himself went into business. For the next decade, Chang and England toured the United States and Europe, earning enough money to eventually leave showbiz and settle in North Carolina, where they bought a plantation, grew their crops (and slave labor). ), and lived married sisters Sarah and Adelaide Yates in a joint marriage on April 1, 1834.

The idea of ​​the twin sisters marrying was decried as incest and "beneath the very Sodomites in sexuality", and angry locals ransacked the sisters' home the night before the wedding, but the couple were very happy together. were, producing a total of 21 children (10 by Chang and Adelaide and 11 by England and Sarah) during their marriage. They originally shared a house, but as the family grew, the bunker herd bought a second home and the brothers split their time equally between their wives' residences.

Currier and Ives lithograph dated 1860 depicting "The World Renowned United Siamese Twins" Chang and Ing Bunker.

Back on Tour and Permanent Retirement

After the Confederate losses of the Civil War, Chang and England left the plantation life and went back on tour. This time, he did P.T. Barnum, who had for decades exhibited a wax replica of the twins at his American Museum for a six-week tour, then took another long trip to Europe.

By 1870, however, Chang's health began to decline, and he suffered a horrific stroke that left his right side partially paralyzed. On January 7, 1874, England learned that his brother had died in his sleep. Frightened, the family seeks a doctor with the hope of saving England, but the grieving brother tells them that he knows he is going to die too. After 62 years together, England experienced only two hours before their brother even passed. They were the second longest living conjoined twins of all time.

No comments:

Powered by Blogger.