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The Hawaiian Gazette: The First Hawaiian Newspaper Published


The first newspaper began to be published on the Hawaiian Islands on September 4, 1866. For the next 53 years, the Hawaii Gazette reported all news that was fit to print, at least as far as it concerned American interests in the islands.

Hawaii in the 1860s

Even though Hawaii was officially the U.S. until 1959. The state did not form, but this collection of islands in the Pacific Ocean saw a lot of American activity in the 1860s and onwards. After American producers discovered its rich, fertile soil was ideal for the cultivation of sugar, cotton and other important crops, they built vast plantations across the islands exporting millions of pounds of sugar. Hawaiian news events – such as the move of the Hawaiian royal family and the recently developed leper colony on Molokai – meant major changes for these large businesses, but at the time, there was no way to communicate the information to the entire American community. -Aerial Enterprises. They were fly blind until something came along and ruined their crops or drove their prices down.

Hawaii Gazette Building, 1880s.

Hawaii Gazette

To keep the public informed of the events, Hawaii's first newspaper, the Hawaii Gazette, printed its inaugural issue on September 4, 1866. In addition to the general news of the day, the Hawaii Gazette served primarily to support Hawaii's sugar industry. They published weekly shipping schedules, sugar export statistics and export statistics for other products and goods, providing an advertising platform for various sugar and sugar-related companies.

In fact, the Hawaii Gazette's relationship with the sugar industry was a major factor in its political coverage, especially when it comes to the Hawaiian monarchy. Four emperors came and went during the life of the newspaper, and as long as their clingy interests remained connected, the Gazette considered them favorable. In 1873, however, during the reign of King Kalakaua, the gazette became decidedly anti-monarchical, cursing the new king for his grand coronation and even some traditional Hawaiian dances, including traditional Hawaiian dances, chanting. Criticizing customs. And hula hooping.

Suddenly, the Hawaii Gazette became a major driver of the growing pro-annexation movement in Hawaii, calling for the establishment of a new government structure in the region. This passed in 1887, when the new bayonet constitution stripped the monarchs of all their power, turning them into figureheads. With the government now controlled by foreign interests, the Hawaii Gazette returned to government-friendly coverage.

Liliuokalani was being led up to the steps of the palace, where he was imprisoned after the counter-revolution of 1895.

Fall of Gazette

Soon, the Hawaii Gazette earned criticism for its biased coverage, including blatant support from the area's business tycoons, but staunch opposition from Queen Lili'Oklani. He refused to publish her protest letter against the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, labeled her "counterrevolutionary", and claimed she was illegally attempting to reclaim the throne, all insisted. that they were the only publications to present the "truth". and an extended account of events". There may be a reason for resorting to such sensational coverage: by 1918, after losing the struggle to remain relevant as rival newspapers burst onto the scene, the Hawaii Gazette published its final edition. was printed.

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