The History Of The United Nations Charter


On October 24, 1945, the United Nations Charter, which was adopted and signed earlier that year, officially came into force, ready to enter into force. Prior to this, the League of Nations was established as an international peace organization under the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which successfully resolved a dispute between Iraq and Turkey in 1926 and between Colombia and Peru in the 1930s, But many countries refused to join, including the United States, so it failed to prevent the outbreak of World War II. The United Kingdom soon became home to nine different governments in exile due to the Axis Powers' takeover of Europe.

President Roosevelt's Proposal

President Franklin D. Roosevelt recognized the weaknesses of the League of Nations, but saw the need for an international organization to keep the peace, with another world war looming. He first met with UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill off the coast of Newfoundland in August 1941, before the United States entered the war, and, despite being neutral at the time, helped to declare an Atlantic Charter to replace the conflict with the US in Britain. became involved. League of Nations. It was during this secret meeting that Roosevelt suggested the name "United Nations" to Churchill.

Allied vs Axis Powers

Due to the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the United States became involved in World War II as part of the Allied Powers, and in January 1942 the Atlantic Charter was formalized between the US, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and China. Given. Together with 22 other countries, they agreed to work together against the Axis powers of Italy, Germany and Japan, with the ultimate goal of a permanent system of common security for the whole world. It was a huge leap towards defeating oppression around the world.

The next and final phase will not happen for the next three years. President Roosevelt's sudden death on April 12, 1945 meant he never saw his plans come to fruition, but President Truman went ahead with the arrangements, and the United Nations Conference on International Organization began in San Francisco, scheduled for April 25. . After working for two months, the 50 nations represented at the convention signed the Charter of the United Nations, although many of them required approval from their congresses or parliaments before the United Nations could be formally established.

After the war

On May 8, 1945, the war in Europe ended and on September 2, the United States accepted Japan's formal surrender. In the aftermath of such a devastating war, the United Nations represented hope to many that history need not repeat itself. The first session of the United Nations General Assembly took place on February 14, 1946, where they voted to establish their permanent headquarters in New York City. The UN has been in charge of dialogue and peacekeeping since then.

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