Enoch Brown School Massacre Of 1764


The school massacre didn't start with Columbine. US The first recorded mass murder at a school in history occurred a dozen years before the founding of the United States, when four Native Americans retaliated against white settlers who occupied their land.

Pontiac War

When white settlers moved to the Great Lakes region in the 1700s, they brought turmoil to the Native American peoples who had made their home in the region for hundreds of years. In retaliation for the violence inflicted on his people, Chief Pontiac of the Ottawa tribe attacked British troops in what is now Detroit on May 7, 1763, starting a series of hostilities known as the Pontiac Wars that took place in Pennsylvania. and spread to the upstate. New York. Unhappy with the chaos, Pennsylvania Governor John Penn offered a reward in exchange for the skulls of Native Americans, and in the months that followed, bands of settlers murdered and found every Native American.

Enoch Brown School Massacre

One of the most terrifying events of the Pontiac Wars took place on July 26, 1764. Earlier in the day, four Native Americans from a Delaware tribe stabbed a pregnant white woman to death, cut the fetus from her womb, and took her skull before it was set. For an isolated log schoolhouse near Greencastle, Pennsylvania. When the warriors broke into the school house, teacher Enoch Brown begged him to spare the students, but they caught him and then 11 youths.


Amazingly, a boy named Archie McCullough survived the massacre, most likely unconscious and presumed dead by the attackers before they left. When he awoke, he went down the hill to the waterfall, where schoolchildren often went to drink water, where many hours later passersby found him. After reporting what had happened, McCullough miraculously made a full recovery from his injuries.

According to reports of a white settler taken captive by the tribe at the time, the group of warriors returned to their village in Ohio, located on the banks of the Muskingum River, and proudly presented the collected skulls, but their chief was embarrassed to target them. Women and children did. Meanwhile, 10 students and their teacher who were killed days after the brutal attack were buried in a common grave. In 1885, a memorial was erected at the site of the grave to commemorate the victims of the first school massacre in American history, and the area around the monument was later named Enoch Brown Park.

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