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Catherine The Great: Biography, Stories, And Trivia About The Great

 

The last ruling Empress, Catherine the Great, brought Russia into the modern world and solidified its position as a major European power during the 18th century. Originally from Pomerania (modern Poland), she was born as Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, daughter of the minor German prince Christian August, on May 2, 1729. Despite her title, being a minor prince in those days did not have much money, so like many young nobles, Catherine was only married at the age of 16 to Peter III of Russia, which was a big step for her.

Peter III was not as bright as his grandfather, Peter the Great, who ruled Russia under a strong military regime, and was often abused and humiliated as a child by his teachers. Given his poor upbringing, it is no surprise that Peter had little will to dedicate himself to ruling Russia and made almost zero effort to love himself for his people. However, Catherine fell in love with this new and mysterious land and began to study Russian almost immediately. Within a remarkably short time, she herself managed to turn the court in her favor, despite having no Russian heritage.


Catherine's popularity irked Peter the wrong way, and he eventually begins to avoid her, instead spending his time drinking and playing sports. This made it really difficult for Catherine to produce an heir, which was her main job at the time. She eventually gave birth to a son, possibly Peter, in 1954 (though she was known to many other lovers), so with that task, she used the time she recovered from her difficult birth to read writers such as Voltaire and Became mesmerized. Enlightenment ideals.

By the 1760s, Peter had given up any pretense of caring for Russia or Catherine. He disagreed with his army leaders about their efforts in the Seven Years' War, openly showered his new mistress with affection, and publicly threatened Catherine. Things got worse after Peter became emperor in 1762. He spent much of his time humiliating Catherine, sabotaging the property of the Orthodox Church, and degrading his army. One of Catherine's lovers, however, happened to be Grigory Orlov, a military man, who suggested that she might have military support if she ever wanted to overthrow the childish and malicious Peter.


Catherine gave Orlov the thumbs up, and together, they staged a successful coup, which left Peter no choice but to abdicate his throne and hand over the crown to his wife after six months of reign. He was under house arrest for eight days until he died mysteriously. To date, historians have no clear explanation of what happened, but theories range from a convenient health condition to Orlov ordering a hit job once the abdication took over the official business.

The new Empress acted quickly. After all, dragging feet doesn't get you a name like "The Great". He passed sweeping reforms that he hoped would lead Russia into the Age of Enlightenment, brought the concept of presumption of innocence into the judicial system, carried out extensive educational reforms, and even freed serfs. . He successfully transformed the economy and established trade routes, fought Ottoman threats, and encouraged the arts, leaving behind a cultural legacy that is still respected in Russia and abroad. She died of a stroke on November 16, 1792, after three decades as Empress and is buried in St. Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia.

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