Alaska: Amazing Facts About The Last Frontier


Bering Land Bridge

Scientists estimate that 15,000 years ago, there was a land bridge between what is now Alaska and Russia that allowed ancient humans to travel between the two lands without encountering the dangerous Bering Sea. These Paleolithic peoples inhabited both the North and South American continents, although some remained in Alaska and became the Athabaskan, Aleut, Tlingit, Haida, Cimcian, Athabascan, Inupiat, and Yupik peoples who still live. on the ground today. The land bridge was consumed by rising ocean waters at the end of the Ice Age, dividing America from the rest of the world for thousands of years until 1741, when Russian explorer Vitus Bering again made contact with Alaska.

Largest State

As was often the case in the 1700s, foreign explorers decided to take the land for themselves, and by 1784, the first Russian settlement had been established on Kodiak Island. After their defeat in the Crimean War, however, Russia did not really want to spend money and human resources on an area that was nearly impossible to defend and whose land and wildlife were as dangerous as any army that wanted to invade. was. Thus, he offered to sell it to the United States, who bought the area in 1867 for the incredibly cheap price of two cents per acre, or $7.2 million (which is only around $150 million in today's money). But this did not happen until 1959 officially became a state. At over 665,000 miles, Alaska is the largest state in the country by land, but the third smallest by population. According to the most recent census, Alaska has a population of only 737,000 people, half of whom live in the city of Anchorage.

The Coldest Coast

When you think of the west coast of the United States, you're probably thinking of California's sunny beaches, but Alaska's vast coastline spans three seas and holds more water than the rest of the state. Don't touch your swimsuit yet. It also holds the record for the coldest state in the country, once dropping to -80 degrees Fahrenheit in 1971 in the town of Prospect Creek.

It's Hard To Get Around

Much of Alaska is uninhabited to humans, and as such, there are few ways to get around. In fact, there are only 12 highways in the entire state, and only 20% of the landmass is accessible by road, provided those roads are not unusable, which they often are. Even the most stable maintenance can fail by freezing. When a deadly diphtheria outbreak broke out in the city of Phnom and its youngest residents' only hope was a serum that was to be exported from Anchorage, things began to look dark after temperatures dropped so low that no car or airplane could carry the serum. Could deliver, frozen. before reaching anywhere near your destination.

Officials resorted to sending dog sledding teams 674 miles into -20-degree woods. The leader of the final stretch, a Siberian Husky named Balto, became a worldwide sensation after successfully dispensing the serum and administering it to the residents of Nome, although a special outcry was earned by a dog named Togo, who led his team The longest, spanning 200 miles in brutal conditions.

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