The American Civil War in pictures (part 3), 1861-1865

The American Civil War lasted only four years from 1861 to 1865 and is often referred to as the War between the States. This was the event where the 11 southern states that supported slavery declared their succession from the United States and announced the formation of the Confederate States of America.

The result of the Civil War was the decisive defeat of the Confederate States of America and the final restoration of their position in the United States.

The time period immediately after the Civil War was known as Reconstruction, a time marked by turmoil, violence, and much conflict and controversy. The Reconstruction era was not a peaceful time, there were large numbers of people who tried to take advantage of the vulnerable South.

The biggest result was the end of slavery. The 13th Amendment called for an end to slavery, and it was in support of President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. In addition, the 14th and 15th amendments to the Constitution were also passed by Congress and ratified by the states, becoming law.

The 13th Amendment effectively made the law an end to slavery throughout the United States. The 14th Amendment was enacted stating that federal legal protection is available to all United States citizens, regardless of race, color, or creed. This was a new policy and came as part of the consequences and consequences of the Civil War.

Finally, the last amendment to the Constitution that resulted in the Civil War was the 15th Amendment. The 15th Amendment ended all restrictions on voting and said that all US citizens would be able to vote regardless of race. Despite the end of the Civil War of 1865, it took 12 years for most states to successfully transition back to the United States.

Reconstruction began during the war with the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863, and it continued until 1877. This involved a number of complex methods of resolving outstanding post-war issues, the most important of which were the three "Reconstruction Amendments". Constitutions that are in effect to the present day: 13th (1865), 14th (1868) and 15th (1870).

From the Union's point of view, the goal of Reconstruction was to consolidate Union victories on the battlefield by regrouping; "To guarantee a republican form of government for the pre-federal states, and to permanently end slavery—and to prevent the state of quasi-slavery.

Reconstruction was eventually ended by the Compromise of 1877, when Confederate troops were withdrawn from the South and Rutherford B. Hayes was elected as US President.

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